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Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders

If your child is having developmental difficulties and it has been suggested that he or she should be evaluated for an autism spectrum disorder, you’re probably overwhelmed, and you may be trying to make sense out of conflicting information.

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are complex conditions, and our understanding of them is evolving rapidly as researchers get more and more answers. An ASD tends to affect a child’s ability to interact and communicate with others and may cause them to have behavioral challenges. Different children with ASDs are affected in very different ways. There are therapies that can often be very effective in helping children with ASDs gain the skills they’re having problems with. Early identification of children with ASD opens the door for early intervention services.

I have been working with children who have Autism related disorders for over twenty years. I use the following instruments to help determine whether or not your child has an autism spectrum disorder. Identification of your child's needs is the first step in helping them.

Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Addition

The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), Second Edition is the gold standard for observational assessment of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

The ADOS consists of various activities that allow the examiner and you to observe social and communication behaviors related to the diagnosis of pervasive developmental disorders. These activities provide interesting, standard contexts in which interaction can occur.

Autism Diagnostic Interview - Revised

The ADI- R is a structured parent interview that provides a thorough assessment of individuals suspected of having autism or other autism spectrum disorders. The ADI-R is highly useful for formal diagnosis as well as treatment and educational planning. The interview focuses on three functional domains:

  • Language/Communication
  • Reciprocal Social Interactions
  • Restricted, Repetitive, and Stereotyped Behaviors and Interests